- Hari Parbat situated at the periphery of Srinagar city is an ancient and one of the holiest places of Kashmir. It is the abode of Mahashakti-the Divine Mother Jagatamba Sharika Bhagwati, also known as Maha Tripursundhari or Rajrajeshwari (locally called as harie). The eighteen armed Goddess Sharika is regarded as the Presiding Deity (Isht – Devi) of Srinagar city. The Hari Parbat (hari Parvat)Hill occupies more or less a central position in the valley, one gets amazed to see a hillock amid of valley as can be viewed from pari Mahal. The hill is surrounded by almond orchards, which make a lovely sight during April when the trees blossom, heralding the advent of spring in Kashmir.
- The 12th century historian, Kalhana, in his Sanskrit chronicle, has described Hariparbat as “the epicentre of spiritualism in Kashmir”. Mahabharata and other religious scriptures refer to Hariparbat as the ‘principal’ seat (Pradhumna Peeetha) of the Goddess, worshipped locally as ‘Sharika’. The Godess Sharika is represented by a Sayambhu’ Shrichakra (Mahamaha Shrichakra), also called Mahashriyantra, which consists of circular mystic impressions and triangular patterns with a dot (bindhu) at the Centre. The mystic Shrichakra engraved on a vertical holy rock (Shila) is located at the middle of western face of Hari Parbat. The different Devtas has his/her yantra–the geometric representation. These are known as the Chakras. Shri Chakra is considered as the presiding Chakra of all the Chakras. It is revered as the Chakreshwara at hari Parbat. Chakreshwara means the Supreme Lord of all the Chakras, or the Master architect of all the Chakras, who are revered as the Svayam Bhu Sthitis–Self Existent in origin. Shree Yantra or Shree Chakra Shree Yantra is considered one of the most auspicious, important and powerful Yantras which is an instrument to attain the ultimate. In India there are 52 energy centres, but the energy centre of Hari Parbat Srinagar is considered the only of its kind in the entire universe which has a great significance in terms of attaining spiritual bliss. The word “Shree” means wealth and “Yantra” an instrument— and it makes the sense of “Instrument for Wealth”. At Hari Parbat, where the Shree Yantra is considered to be in the shape of a rock, people have craved for spiritual wealth and they attained what they wished. The whole hill of Hari Parbat seems to be the multi-dimensional figure of geometrical figure of Goddess Sharika and at the corner of the hill is this magnificent and holy rock and those who have the eye to look at it can find different geometrical images in the shape of triangles, squares and pentagons . On gets lost while gazing at this energy centre as it emits different figures while concentrating on it. Although most of the lines and shapes are not so visible due to the “sindoor” coated on it yet those who can see through, can identify themselves to be a part of this holy rock. This Shree Yantra has a great significance for Hindu community. Those who have its knowledge, categorize it in two forms— Evolution Yantra of Samyachar Order of Kashmir and Involution Yantra of Koulahar order of Kashmir. There are nine folds of Shri Yantra— Outer three circles that depict the Chakra ruling the three worlds; Sixteen petals depicting 16 Yoginies associated with the attainment of desires; Eight petals— depicting power of speech, holding, walking, excreting, pleasure, abandoning, concentration and detachment; Fourteen triangles describing all good fortune and associated with chief nadis or currents of bio-energy; Ten outer triangles depicting Yognies of 10 vital breaths; Inner ten triangles depicting Shakties of 10 vital fires; Eight triangles depict powers that rule cold, heat, happiness, sorrow, desire and three gunas— Sativas, Rajas and Tamas; Central Triangle depicts Chakra giving all success and Bindu depicting Maha Tripura Sundari— the ultimate. While Yantras are normally two dimensional, this Yantra is a three- dimensional and that is why it holds great spiritual importance. Story behind Hari pharbat According to the local legend, this hill was once a lake as large as a sea and was inhabited by the abominable demon known as Jalobhava. The inhabitants called on Goddess Sati, spouse of Lord Shiva for her help. She took the form of a bird and dropped a pebble on the demon’s head, which kept on increasing in size until the demon was crushed by it. Hari Parbat is revered as that pebble and it is said to have become the home for all 33 crore gods of the Hindu pantheon. Another version of the myth that involves the hill, says that two demons, Tsand and Mond occupied the fair valley. Tsand conceded himself in water near the present location of Hari Parbat (Hari Parvat ) and Mond somewhere above the present Dal Gate. They were a menace to the people of the valley, which could not be inhabited owing to their dreaded presence. Thus, the gods invoked Goddess Parvati who assumed the form of a Hari (myna) and flew to Sumer from where she got a pebble in her beak and threw it on the demon Tsand to crush him. The pebble grew into a mountain. She is worshipped as Sharika in Shri Tsakra (an emblem of cosmic energy pervading the universe) occupying the middle part of the western slope of the hill. The hill is also called Predemna Peet or Kohi Maran. The inscription in Persian at the Kathi Darwaza commemorating this work can be read even today. The ruins of certain terraces can still be seen on the side of the Pokhiri Bal. The views of the Dal lake and a part of the valley from the fort are spectacular. It is believed that Hariparbat represents the abode of nine crore (90 million) manifestations of the Goddess. To worship the Supreme Godess, the devotees used to go to Hari Parbat regularly and reach the Shrine of Chakrishwar to be at the holy feet of the Divine Mother in the wee hours of the morning. Phagun Krishna Paksh Ashtami (Hora Ashtami) and Ashad Shukla Paksh Saptami, Ashtami and Navami (Har Satum, Har Aatham and Har Navum) are the auspicious days for the devotional congregational prayers at the Sharika-peeth Chakrishwar. Ashad Navami (Har Navum) is said to be the Birthday of Sha-rika Bhagwati. On this day of Sharika Jayanti the devotees make sacrificial offering of ‘Teher-charvan’ (rice boiled with turmeric po-wder and mixed with oil and salt and cooked liver of goat) to the Supreme Goddess. Earlier, the Birthday of Jagat Amba Sharika Bhagwati used to be celebrated by performing a ‘Mahachandi Yagna’, which would commence on Ashad Saptami (Hari Satum) and culminate on Ashad Shukla Paks Navami (Har Navum) with a sacrificial offering of a lamb called ‘Raze-Kath’. Presently ‘Har-Naum’, the holy birhtday festival of the Goddess Sharika is celebrated at Chakrishwas Shrine with a night long singing of hymns and bhajans in the praise of the Goddess